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- Itemயெவனப்பருவ மாணவர்களின் கற்றல் செயற்பாடுகளில் தாக்கத்தை ஏற்படுத்தும் உளவியல் ரீதியான பிரச்சினைகள்: மண்முனை தென்மேற்கு கல்வி வலய மாணவர்களை மையப்படுத்திய ஆய்வு(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Soba, Bஅறிவைப் புத்தாக்கம் செய்யும் உலகத்தை நோக்கி நகர்த்துவதற்குக் கல்வியானது உந்து சக்தியாகவுள்ளது. இதனப் டி யௌவனப்பருவத்து மாணவர்களின் உளவியல் ரீதியான பிரச்சினைகள் அவர்களின் கற்றலில் எவ்வகையான தாக்கத்தை ஏற்படுத்துகின்றன என்பதை இனங்காண்பதற்காகவே மட்டக்களப்பு மாவட்டத்தின் பல்வேறு பாதிப்புக்களுக்கு முகம் கொடுத்த மண்முனை தென்மேற்குக் கோட்டத்திற்குட்பட்ட பாடசாலைகளை அடிப்படையாகக் கொண்டு இவ்வாய்வு மேற்கொள்ளப்பட்டுள்ளது. ஆய்வுக்கெனத் தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்ட பாடசாலைகளில் யௌவனப்பருவ மாணவர்கள் உளவியல ; ரீதியில் எவ்வகையான பிரச்சினைகளை எதிர்நோக்குகின்றனர், இவர்கள் எதிர்நோக்கும் பிரச்சினைகளுக்கு குடும்பம், பாடசாலை போன்றன எவ்வாறு காரணிகளாக அமைகின்றன, இம்மாணவர்கள் எதிர்நோக்கும் உளவியல ; பிரச்சினைகள் அவர்களின் கற்றலில ; ஏற்படுத்தும் விளைவுகள், போன்றவற்றை ஆராய்ந்து யௌவனப்பருவ மாணவர்கள் எதிர்நோக்கும் பிரச்சினைகளை நிவர்த்தி செய்வதற்கான விதப்புரைகளைத் தெளிவுபடுத்துவதுடன், இம்மாணவர்களின் கல்வி அடைவுகளை அதிகரிப்பதற்கான நடவடிக்கைகளை பெற்றோர்கள், ஆசிரியர்களுக்குப் புலப்படுத்தி அவர்களுககு; உதவும் வகையில் இவ்வாய்வு முன்னெடுக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இவ்வாயவ் hனது முதனிலை, இரண்டாம் நிலை தரவு மூலாதாரங்களை அடிப்படையாகக் கொண்டு பண்புசார், அளவுசார் தரவுகளின் அடிப்படைகளில் அளவைநிலை ஆய்வாக வடிவமைக்கப்பட்டதோடு, தரவு, தகவலக் ள் யாவும ; ஒழுங்கமைக்கப்பட்டு விபரணப்பகுப்பாய்வு முறையில் முடிவுகள் கண்டறியப்பட்டுளள் மை சிறப்பம்சமாகும். ஆய்வுப் பிரதேசத்தில் 21 பாடசாலைகள் காணப்பட்ட போதிலும் 1 யுடீஇ 1ஊ பாடசாலைகள் 5 ஆயவு; மாதிரியாகத் தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்டதோடு, அதிபர்கள், ஆசிரியர்கள,; மாணவர்களிடமிருந்து வினாக்கொத்து, நேர்காணல் போன்றவற்றின் மூலம் பெறப்பட்ட தரவுகளிலிருந்து இப்பருவ மாணவர்கள் எதிர்நோக்கும் உளவியல் ரீதியான பிரசச் pனைகள் அறிந்து கொள்ளப்பட்டதுடன், பிரச்சினைகளுக்கு தீர்வுகாணும் வகையில் அதிபர்கள், ஆசிரியர்கள், மாணவர்கள், பெற்றோர் சார்பாகத ; தீர்வாலோசனைகளும் முன்வைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளன.
- ItemInformation Literacy: A Smartcard for Lifelong Learning(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Sasikala, V; William Dharma Raja, BEducational goal is tuned toward the cognitive aspects of handling information in order to prepare the students in pace with the information explosion. To keep abreast of the information age and the technological developments Information literacy is a felt needed skill for the 21st century learners. It is the skill to access and utilize information effectively. A learner imbibed with the adequate awareness of information availability pertaining to his requirement and the ability to reflect upon the quality and reliability of the information could be termed as information literate. It equips the learner to swim across the large pool of information resources. Intellectual capital trumps the meaning of life. Renewing with information and skills constantly is the secret for lifelong living. The information literacy skills of a student boost their attitude towards lifelong learning (Solmaz, 2017). Continuous learning helps the survival of individual in this information society and from mere literates a metamorphosis to information literates is a needed reflection for this reality. Preparing the learners of this generation to manage and handle information effectively and develop their competence to meet the ongoing need for information for their learning is in the hands of teachers. Hence, this paper focuses on importance of the inclusion of information literacy in teacher education curriculum, the need for collaboration among the teachers and librarians as facilitators for information literacy and recommendations to enhance handling and managing information among student teachers.
- ItemA Low-Cost Framework for the Digital Preservation of Indigenous Artwork and Languages: An Australian Case Study Review(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Derani Nathasha Dissanayake; David M. CookThis study examined a framework for a low-cost, sustainable solution to the challenge of the Indigenous digital preservation of culture in the form of artwork and languages. In a global sense, the traditional transfer of Indigenous culture runs the risk of information loss and inconsistency when Indigenous cultural groups compete alongside mainstream Western cultural systems. Indigenous Australian culture has been passed down through traditional means from old to young, with many works of art, and discrete languages transferred without written, printed or digitised record. The study examines the challenges associated with the process of language and artwork pertaining to Indigenous Western Australians. A qualitative study using four case studies from the Kalgoorlie area of Western Australia was undertaken. All four case studies showed difficulty in adapting to digital technology for the long-term preservation of art and languages. The research findings suggest that the challenges associated with Indigenous digital preservation is due to a range of factors that collectively work to prevent or reduce the effectiveness of preservation strategies in remote and rural areas. Using these findings, the authors propose a Work Integrated Learning Digital Object Framework (WILDOF) as a sustainable, low-cost approach to the archival management of Indigenous material.
- ItemStrengthening School Libraries to Improve Quality of Education in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Kalpana Chandrasekar; Kupeshan RaththinakumarIn relation to quality of education, academic libraries are expected to supply reliable and up to date scholarly information. In this connection, a preliminary survey was conducted in 26 school libraries (known as School Library and Learning Resource Centres (SLLRCs)) attached to the Northern Province of Sri Lanka, in view of strengthening SLLRCs as learning resource centres. Libraries in the schools selected through purposive sampling were assessed based on a checklist prepared for the purpose and Key-Informant Interviews (KIIs) conducted with the respective school principal, library in-charge and students. Results revealed that 27% of the SLLRCs are functioning with inadequate physical resources. Further, compared to printed materials, electronic, audiovisual and other non-print resources are very limited. Scarcity of funding and qualified human resource, non-availability of library policy and procedure manual, and lack of support from school community are also observed. Hence, it is recommended that school administrations should consider SLLRC as an integral component of the education system and explore the funding opportunities, collaborate with other libraries in the region, improve the human resource status, and enhance the involvement of school community in the development of SLLRCs. In addition, Provincial Ministry of Education (NP) should take necessary steps to establish a School Library Development Unit (SLDU) to strengthen the SLLRCs as a centre for resource-based learning and information literacy development.
- ItemPattern of Author Productivity using Lotka's Law in National conference Proceedings(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Manthiramoorthi, M; Saravanakumar, R.R; Thamaraiselvi, MThis paper deals with the pattern of author productivity using Lotka’s law in national conference proceedings. The purpose of the paper to analyses the content wise distribution of the paper, types of document cited, pagination per articles, Number of keywords per articles, authorship pattern of cited references and to test Lotka’s law. The data set was created by using 31contributed papers, invited papers and abstracts were excluded from the study. The collected data was further analyzed by using M.S. Excel and Chi-square test is used to prove hypothesis. For this study total counting method was apply to test Lotka's law. The findings of the study reveals 15 (48.4%) are full text papers.50 (53.19%) of journals, magazines, and newspapers are cited followed by 21 (22.34%) of websites. 9 (60.00%) papers have the pagination of 7-12 pages, followed by 5 (33.33%) papers have the pagination of 13-18 pages. 6 (42.86%) papers are used 3 keywords, followed by 4 (28.57%) papers are used 4 keywords. cited references of single author are 26(49.06%) followed by the cited references of two authors are 14 (26.42%). the pattern of author productivity is tested by using Lotka's law. The number of publications by each author of the cited references which received equal credit by total counting method. Chi-square test is used to test the hypothesis and used to verify the applicability of Lotka's law. The result shows that Chi-square value was highly significant and Lotka's law was not applicable to this data.
- ItemPublic Libraries Today: A Case Study in Anuradhapura District Public Libraries in Sri Lanka(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Wanasinghe, W.M.P.G.K.TPublic libraries play a major role in gathering, indexing, circulation, storing and finally dissemination of knowledge to satisfy the information needs to the knowledge based society. Entire public libraries under the provincial councils, urban councils and local government authorities perform their maximum duties and cater to the needs of general public in the respective areas. There are thirty four (34) public libraries in the Anuradhapura District of the North Central Province (NCP). Two libraries remained closed during the data collection period. The researcher personally visited each library and a structured questionnaire was distributed among thirty two (32) library staff members to collect data by conducting in-depth interviews. Collected data were analyzed using Microsoft excel calculations and findings were presented accordingly. Fifty percent (50%) of public libraries in Anurdhapura district are managed by Library Assistants. Nineteen percent (19%) libraries are managed by Labourers (Marga Kamkaru) indicating that they do not have a subject knowledge and administration powers especially under local government authorities. The research also found that there is no any public library staff recruited or promoted within the last fifteen years in NCP. Authorities should identify these lacks and follow immediate actions to recruit qualified staff to the public libraries and encourage them by giving promotions with proper trainings in order to uplift a knowledge-based society.
- ItemManeuver for Blissful Lexical Access while Learning English as a Second Language(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Chandra Prabha, C; William Dharma Raja, BIt is a highly competitive and complex world and almost erudition for success in the world is reassured with English language proficiency. To remain competitive in today’s global economy a strong communication skills in English language is required. English is the global language and have now become the benchmark for employability. Present generation is aware of the fact that for shining in any field they need English language acquaintance. Students develop thirst to speak English fluently and appropriately, yet, find it difficult to gain language proficiency in English language. Secondary level students instead of taking pleasure in learning feel uninterested, restless, and irritated but occupied. Students finally feel awful about school and lose the pleasure they once felt in the primary level. Learner’s comfort and optimistic feeling has an assessable brunt on lexical access, information transmission and storage in the brain. Happy and comfortable atmosphere in the classroom helps to lower feelings of stress and increase high amounts of dopamine in the brain and create ebullient feelings for thriving lexical access and memory retention. If students are stressed, bored, frustrated by lessons, which is beyond their level of understanding or by lessons about things they have already mastered, and then the amygdala directs the input to the unconscious, involuntary, reactive brain. A blissful classroom is a dynamic, vivid and jovial place which can be designed by a catalyst teacher and improve learning by increasing dopamine and reducing amygdale of the students while learning. This paper tries to put forward the importance of lexical access, blissful classroom environment, methods and ways for the fortification of the students by blissful lexical access through classroom activities to learn English Language enchantingly and easily.
- ItemThe Study on Reading Habits of Senior Secondary Students: Evidence from Vipulanantha College, Vavuniya(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Shanmugathasan, S; Kupeshan, RReading habits determine the academic achievements of students to a great extent. The main objective of the study was to examine the reading habits of the students and to overcome the barriers of reading habits in the school libraries. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and data was collected using a structured questionnaire administered among two hundred respondents randomly selected from Gr.10 – Gr.12 students from Vipulanantha College, Vavuniya. The response rate was 93%. The findings show that the most of the students (73.7%) spend time for reading regularly for less than one hour per day on average. The 55% of students prefer to read text books and the 45% of students preferred to read their materials in the school library environment. The 3.5% of students do not have the interest to read any materials. The 92% of students are interested in reading in their mother language (Tamil). The students (33%) indicated that they did not show much interest in reading due to the influence of Social media. It can be concluded that average students reading time is very short and they mostly prefer their school library environment. Social media, television and extra-curricular activities adversely affect the reading habits of the students. The action should be taken to increase the library opening hours after school and to encourage students to read other language materials too. Curriculum related additional reading books and internet facilities also have to be made available in the library. It is suggested to arrange a conducive environment to create a reading culture at their residence too.
- ItemScientific Footprint of South Asian Fisheries and Aquaculture Research: A Scientometric Study between 2000 and 2017(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Tharindu Bandara; Lishani Nisansala WijewardeneThe multifaceted role of South Asian fisheries and aquaculture includes improving nutritional status, livelihood development and poverty alleviation of the associated nations. Application of scientific knowledge to utilize the full potential of South Asian fisheries and aquaculture has been discussed in many scientific forums, conferences and other published literature. Systematic analysis of this published literature may provide insight into the future research directions and identify the potential impact of South Asian fisheries and aquaculture research. In this context, a scientometric analysis in South Asian fisheries and aquaculture research was conducted for the period of 2000-2017 using Web of Science database™. Quantitative analysis of growth trends in publications, prolific authors, and journals, was carried out by using ‘R’ programming platform and package ‘bibliometrix’. The ‘VOSviewer’ software tool was employed to identify the key-word cooccurrence of published research articles in South Asian fisheries and aquaculture research. A total of 1755 articles related to South Asian fisheries and aquaculture were retrieved. Findings of the present study indicated that the, growth rate of articles in indexed publications is declining. India was the most influential country with the highest number of publications (1159). Indian Journal of Fisheries was the top journal with the highest article count (160). Keyword co-occurrence analysis has identified 10 distinct clusters related to the various themes of fisheries and aquaculture research. Fisheries management was the dominant research area with the highest number of associated keywords (52). Present study also suggested that strong country-level collaboration with developed countries, increase funding for research infrastructure and effective participation in international research arena are mandatory for more productive fisheries and aquaculture research output in South Asia.
- ItemImpact of Flip Teaching on High School Students’ Performance in Physics(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) William Dharma Raja, B; Ligi, BIn response to new instructional challenges in education, flip teaching method become a widespread practice in schools, colleges and universities. In traditional approaches of teaching physics in high school students, mostly the teacher plays the role of providing information while the students act as passive listeners. Students need to be more actively engaged with the course material to maximize their understanding. Therefore, teachers who choose to utilize active learning methods in the classroom must find ways to ensure that all required course contents are delivered. Technology plays an important role in education for active learning and delivering the contents in an effective manner. This paper describes the impact of flip teaching on high school students’ performance in physics - remembering, understanding and analyzing. The objective of this study was to find out the effectiveness of flip teaching on performance of high school students in Physics. This is an experimental study, employed with the sample of 80 students of Grade IX, 40 students each were allocated for control group and experimental group. Pre-test scores of both the groups compared through t test, the obtained t values revealed that the two groups were equivalent at the entry point. After the intervention, post-test of both groups were analyzed using t test which revealed that the experimental group performed better than the control group in physics with regard to learning objectives remembering, understanding and analyzing. Mean scores of control and experimental group also shows that there is a positive impact of flip teaching on student’s performance in physics. Educational implications in the light of findings were also discussed in this paper.
- ItemDocumentation of Cultural Heritage in Ancient and Modern Libraries in India(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Prasantha Kumari, MDocumentation is a set of documents provided on paper, or online, or on digital or analog media, such as audio tape or CDs. Documentation is distributed via websites, software products, and other on-line applications. Cultural Heritage is an expression of the ways of living developed by a community and passed on from generation to generation, including customs, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions and values. Libraries are the cultural institutions of a country and have long been related with the physical aspects of their collections. The magnificent past of Indian culture lies in the ancient manuscripts and rare books in Ancient Indian libraries which were open to all irrespective of caste, creed or religion. Historically libraries were part of Indus-valley civilization. Those libraries are called as “Pustakalayas”. According to the Archaeological research department, evidence of ancient Indian libraries are available from 2500-1500BC. Learning and teaching was traditional works done in India since ancient times. Ramayana and Mahabharata are the two great epics which prove that point. As rightly pointed out by Dr.Sarvepally Radhakrisnan- “In the olden days teachers of India were themselves librarians and they were held in higher esteem”. So, they are also known as “mobile libraries’ and “memory libraries”. There are many ancient libraries in India which tell how Indian’s teaching and learning skills use to be there and how their knowledge was rooted into their minds. There exist three kinds of libraries in India, Takshila, Nalanda Kasi, etc- Universities and centers of learning, King’s palaces and temples in India. The author is making an effort to refer to some of the renowned libraries in India which have manuscripts on different subjects and rare cultural books and how these were protecting and preserving the cultural heritage of India in electronic environment.
- ItemDesign and Development of E-Content for Distance Learning Students: A Special Reference to Library and Information Science Courses in Baharathidasan University(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Balasubramani, R; Murugan, CThe main aim of this study was to design e-learning course materials for distance education learners in the field of Library and Information Science (LIS) of Bharathidasan University, India. The design phase of the content preparation, the steps to be followed, validation of the content by a set of jury members and finally integrating and hosting of the content were discussed. The study also emphasizes the need for e-learning and provides directions for further research.
- Itemபாடசாலை மாணவர்களிடையே வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தை மேம்படுத்துவதில் பாடசாலைச் சூழலின் தாக்கங்கள் -யாழ்ப்பாணக் கல்வி வலயத்தை அடிப்படையாகக் கொண்ட ஆய்வு(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Sivamathy, T; Sathiaseelan, Aஇன, மத, மொழி பேதமின்றி கலவ் pயை ஊககு; விக்க, உச்சநிலைக்கு எம்மை வளரச் செய்ய பாடசாலை நூலகங்கள் மிக உறுதுணையாகவுளள் ன. மாணவச் செல்வங்கள் மத்தியிலே பழகக் வழக்கங்கள், வாசிப்புத்திறன், சிந்தனைவெளிப்பாடு, ஆய்வுத்திறன், விவாதத்திறன ; என்பனவற்றை ஊக்குவிக்கின்றன. பாடசாலை மாணவர்களிடையே வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தை மேம்படுத்துவதில ; பாடசாலைச் சூழல் எவ்வகையான தாக்கங்களை விளைவிக்கினற் ன என்பதை இனங்காணலே இவ் ஆய்வின் நோக்கமாகும். பாடசாலை நூலகத்தில் மாணவர்களின் வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தில ; தாக்கத்தை ஏற்படுத்துகின்ற பின்புலமான பாடசாலைச்சூழலினுள் உட்படுகின்ற பாடசாலை நிர்வாகம், பாட ஆசிரியர்கள், நூலகப் 1 ர்iனெர டுயனநைள ஊழடடநபநஇ துயககயெஇ ளுசi டுயமெயஇ ஊழசசநளிழனெiபெ யரவாழச: ளவாசைரஅயசயn71ளூபஅயடை.உழஅ 2 னுநயியசவஅநவெ ழக நுனரஉயவழைnஇ குயஉரடவல ழக யுசவளஇ ருniஎநசளவைல ழக துயககயெ Pசழஉநநனiபௌ ழக ஐவெநசயெவழையெட ளுலஅpழளரைஅ ழn நுஅநசபiபெ வுசநனௌ in நுனரஉயவழைn யனெ டுiடிசயசல ரூ ஐகெழசஅயவழைn ளுஉநைnஉந (டுiடிளுலஅ 2018) 211 பொறுப்பாசிரியர், நூலகம் எவ்வகையான நிலையில் உள்ளன என்பதனை அறிதல் இவ் ஆய்வின் குறிக்கோளாக அமைகின்றது. இவ்வாய்வானது பரப்பளவு ஆய்வு முறையில் மேற்கொள்ளப்பட்டதோடு யாழ்ப்பாண மாவட்டத்திலுள்ள ஐந்து கலவ் p வலயங்களில் ஒன்றான யாழ்ப்பாணக் கல்வி வலயத்திலுள்ள பாடசாலைகளில் (nஸ்ரீ114) 1யுடீ தரத்திலான அனைத்து பாடசாலைகளும் (nஸ்ரீ16) ஆய்வுக்கென தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளன. இப் பாடசாலைகளில் கல்வி பயிலும் மாணவர்களில் (nஸ்ரீ4017) 10மூ மான மாணவர்கள் (nஸ்ரீ402) ஆய்வுக்காக எழுமாற்றாக தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்டனர். இம் மாணவர்களுக்கு கற்பிக்கும் ஆசிரியர்களில் 10மூ (nஸ்ரீ48) ஆன ஆசிரியர்களும் இப் பாடசாலையின் (nஸ்ரீ16) நூலகப் பொறுப்பாசிரியர்களும் ஆய்வு மாதிரியில் உள்ளடக்கப்பட்டனர். மாணவர்கள், பாட ஆசிரியர்கள், நூலகப் பொறுப்பாசிரியர்களுக்கு வினாக்கொத்தினை வழங்கியும், நூலகப் பொறுப்பாசிரியர்கள் மற்றும் பாட ஆசிரியர்களுடனும் ஆய்வுக்காக தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்ட மாணவர்களின் குறிப்பிட்ட பெற்றோர்களுடன் (nஸ்ரீ245) கலந்துரையாடல் செய்ததன் மூலமும், 16 பாடசாலை நூலகச் செயற்பாடுகள், நூலகப் பதிவேட்டு ஆவணங்கள் என்பவற்றை அவதானித்ததன் மூலமும் தகவலக் ள் சேகரிக்கப்பட்டன. சேகரிக்கப்பட்ட தகவல்களும ; தரவுகளும் புள்ளிவிபரவியல் மூலம் ளுPளுளு Pயஉமயபந பயனப் டுத்தி நூற்று வீதம், வரைபுகள், இணைவுக்குணகம் என்பவற்றின் மூலம ; பகுப்பாய்வு செய்யப்பட்டது. பாடசாலை மாணவர்களிடையே வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தை மேமப் டுத்துவதில் பாடசாலைச் சூழல் எவ்வகையான தாக்கங்களை விளைவிக்கின்றன என்பதை நோக்குகின்ற போது பாட ஆசிரியரானவர் மாணவரின் வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தை தூண்டுவதில் அக்கறையில்லாத தன்மையும் பாடசாலை நிர்வாகம் ஒத்துழைக்காத தன்மையும ; நூலகப் பொறுப்பாசிரியர் மாணவரின் சுதந்திரமான வாசிப்புக்கு வழிகாட்டாத தன்மையும் பாடசாலை நூலகச் சேவைகள் சீரற்ற நிலைமையிலும் காணப்படுவதோடு பாடசாலை நூலக மனித வள, பௌதீக வள கிடைப்பனவு பற்றாக்குறையான நிலைமையும் காணப்படுகின்ற நிலையில் பாடசாலைச் சூழல் மாணவரின் வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தில் தாக்கத்தை ஏற்படுத்துகின்றன.
- ItemAwareness and Usage of Social Media Applications on Information Sources among Undergraduate Engineering Students in Tirunelveli District(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Raja, TThis study is regarding the awareness and usage of social media applications on information sources among the selected undergraduate engineering college students in Tirunelveli district. The investigator has randomly selected 150 final year undergraduate engineering students from the engineering colleges. 150 duly filled-in responses were analysed. The findings of the study revealed that, 72.7% (109) of the final year undergraduate engineering students were found at moderate level in awareness and usage of social media applications on information sources, followed by 74.3 % (55) of the female final year undergraduate engineering students, 74.1 % (20) of the Muslim final year undergraduate engineering students, and 82.4 % (14) of the hostel final year undergraduate engineering students were found at the moderate level among the awareness and usage of social media applications on information sources at a moderate level. There is no significant difference between (i) male and female (ii) rural and urban (iii) day scholar and hosteller iv) Hindu, Muslim, and Christian v) Computer Science Engineering/ Information Technology subject final year undergraduate engineering students and other subjects final year undergraduate engineering students among awareness and usage of social media applications on information sources.
- ItemImplementation of Institutional Repository using DSPACE: A Case Study at University of Peradeniya(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Maheswaran, RThis article describes the Implementation of Institutional Repository using Dspace Software at the University of Peradeniya. This IR is aimed to give access to research scholarly articles to the Institution’s researcher and to make the visibility of the University of Peradeniya researcher. It also gives access to University database and more importantly some of the logical approach is made in different collections and communities. This article also explains the hard and software requirements provided along with information about the open source software. This article provides evidence on how the University of Peradeniya IR was built from scratch and how various different types of collection with many forms and file formats can be uploaded using Dspace software. Huge amounts of problems were faced during the installation and customization of metadata forms for different collections using Dublin core metadata fields. Dspace permits workflow, customization and community/collection based content and submission by different user communities. This paper helps in planning to build an IR and also helps the beginners in getting an idea of how different file formats can be used for different collections in order to maintain uniformity.
- ItemAnalyzing User Satisfaction of Academic Library Services Using CRISP-DM Process(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Madusanka, W.V.D; Nawarathne, I. M; Kapila Tharanga Rathnayaka, R. MThis research was based on quantitative study and its aims were to evaluate the users’ satisfaction of the available services in Sabaragamuwa university library. We used standard Process for Data Mining (CRISP-DM) process which is an industry-proven way to build predictive analytics models across the enterprise. The process contains the six phases as follows: business understanding, data understanding, and preparation of data, modeling, evaluation and deployment. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data in the data understanding phase. The 5 point Likert Scale questionnaire was distributed among stratified randomly selected 360 undergraduates who represented 10% of the total university population from the Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka. The descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multinomial logistic regression were applied to analyze the obtained data in modeling phase. According to the results of descriptive statistics, selected variables have a satisfaction level and mean of their ranking values around 3 and 4. Furthermore, results suggested that selected variables are distributed slightly normally. Pearson Correlation results revealed that library collection (0.662) and library services (0.658) are highly correlated with physical facilities under the 0.05 level of significance. Furthermore, library services highly correlated with library collection (0.651) and library website services (0.681).
- ItemLibrary including Students with Dyslexia(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Viji, B; William Dharma Raja, BInclusive education policy and practice hold great promise for, improving educational equity and promoting child-friendliness in schools. Though there are many policy declarations to support every child’s inclusion in regular educational setup, the implementation is still challenging. Inclusive schooling is conquering the attention of all countries around the globe. These schools can make a difference by putting heavy emphasis on bringing forth a positive learning environment to make all the children, whether abled or disabled, to participate actively in the everyday classroom activities. Inclusion paves way to ensure a change in their lives by removing the barriers to learning, widely ranging from factors like attitude of the teachers and parents, rigid curriculum, absence of infrastructure to lack of accessible resources. Inclusive schools should be manageable and fully accessible for children with disabilities. There must be flexibility in curriculum and all resources needed for learning should be focused on each child’s specific needs. It should also be assured that all children can partake in all the classroom activities. Schools should be furnished with all equipment, technological devices and library resources to cater the needs of these children. There must be provisions for barrier free availability of Braille books, Smart boards, Interactive white boards, Magnifying lens, Reading Machines, Talking Text Books, Sign language interpreters, Computers with speech software and Transcription services for children with disability. Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty, is one of the most common invisible, hidden learning disability and is one of the most common difficulty prevailing all over the world regardless of culture and nations. Educating these children is a great problem as it mainly affects the basic literacy skills like listening, reading, spelling and writing. British Dyslexia Association, 2013, reported about 8% of the world population has dyslexia and 4% is severely affected. A child with dyslexia has to continue as a lifelong dyslexic as it is neurobiological in origin. The child with dyslexia can only develop individual coping strategies to overcome the barriers to learning. With normal intelligence, these children often experience difficulties in reading, a crucial literacy skill which is needed to acquire information from the diversified resources. Reading is very essential at all learning environments for becoming proficient at the content. The Charter for the Reader in 1992, states that reading is the key to cultural and scientific heritage and promotes international understanding. Information searching needs word recognition and spelling skills for exploring relevant documents by using various platforms. Difficulties in reading and spelling that exist throughout the life period of a dyslexic learner, affect the way in which they search information. Libraries are the main information resource centres for reading and accessing the written language. So, the complete portrait of how dyslexics are learning should be considered by the libraries. Libraries should, for that reason, be in the lead in supporting dyslexic users to overcome this disability. There should be pleasant surrounding with needed materials for these children in a library, so that they feel enthused to visit the libraries. This paper aims to review the extent to which libraries should be inclusive in taking efforts to meet the needs of the dyslexic children. The paper also examines the best practices essential to meet the needs of dyslexic individuals, the materials that can be made available and its potential role in serving the needs of the dyslexic community. As dyslexia is as an educational issue, libraries should provide accessible materials needed for enhancing the active reading process of these students. By addressing the special needs of children with dyslexia, library continues to have an important role in self-improvement, literacy and lifelong learning of children with dyslexia. Moreover libraries should be encouraged to be inclusive to help children with dyslexia in accessing information and becoming information literate-like the non-disabled peers.
- ItemReading Habits and Obstacles Faced by School Children in the Northern and Eastern Provinces in Sri Lanka(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Sunil, W; Amarasiri, G.D; Uditha Shyamal Gunasekara, A.K; Kamalamngani SubasingheReading occupies a pivotal role in the life of a man. Reading opens the doors of the treasures of knowledge. Reading is one of the most important components of our language and it is an essential tool for lifelong learning for all learners. In order to face the 21st century, education has to prepare these learners to adapt to social and technological changes that are taking place at an unprecedented rate. In this context, reading is a resource for continued education, for the acquisition of new knowledge and skills, for gaining information through media, especially newspapers, books, radio, television and computers. Reading habits are well-planned and deliberate pattern of study which has attained a form of consistency on the part of students toward understanding academic subjects and passing at examinations. Both reading and academic achievements are interrelated and dependent on each other. Students often come from different environments and localities with different levels of academic achievement. Therefore, they differ in the pattern of reading habits (Bashir & Matto, 2012). Reading which a long-term habit starting at very early ages is the prominent gateway to the knowledge room. It can be assumed as a practice that assists individuals to gain creativeness and develops their critical thinking capacities. In this sense, reading habit is an important tool for the development of personalities and mental capacities of individuals. In addition to personal and mental developments, reading is an access to social, economic and civic life (Clark and Rumbold, 2006). In Sri Lanka education has been provided free of charge from kindergarten to university level since mid-1940s and is given in the mother tongue of the pupil. The constitution of Sri Lanka treats education as a fundamental right, making primary education compulsory for children aged five year and above. Therefore, reading and reading habits play an important role in Sri Lankan education system. Generally reading and reading habits are used to decide different attribute of the readers. National Library and Documentation Services Board (NLDSB) conducted this survey with the objective of understanding the situation of reading habit of school children in Sri Lanka. The first stage of this survey was conducted in other provinces except the Northern and Eastern provinces in 2010. This survey conducted in the Northern and Eastern provinces is the second stage on the survey. This is the first survey conducted on reading habits of school children after the war situation that prevailed in the Northern and Eastern provinces. People of the Northern and Eastern provinces suffered due to the conflict situation for more than three decades. Presently peace has been restored in these areas and this is a good opportunity for expediting the socio economic and educational development. This survey is very important because it helps to understand the situation of reading habits and plan solutions to the problems related to reading habits and library facilities in the Northern and Eastern provinces in Sri Lanka.
- ItemImpact of Emerging Trends and Technologies on Academic Librarianship(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Anuradha, PLibraries are so valuable that they attract voracious new competition with every technological advance. The Emerging trends and technologies in the late 1990s have completely changed ways of accessing, collecting, organizing and searching multi format information in library setting. In this modern information society the academic library has been an indispensable academic department in the promotion of excellence in teaching and learning in the networked academic learning environment. The Internet has become the primary platform for setting up various library and information sources and services. The advancement of emerging technologies provides libraries with innovative ways of initializing creative services in cyberspace. Technology provides the chance for librarians to innovate, boost quality, measure success, and align services with the priorities of their organizations. With technology, librarians can reintroduce themselves as visible, valuable, and essential partners in achieving common goals. This is especially important in the context of today's tight funding climate and the never-ending struggle to advocate for and secure necessary funding and support for libraries. The results of ICT and the digital revolution call for developing new competencies and skills as well as a new set of proficiencies. New IT applications reduce the need for traditional manual processing in libraries, digital and electronic resources change library operations, processes, and workflows, including skills and competencies required for librarians and support staff. All these changes cause library organization and management changing. Although not by any means a new issue, the emerging trends and technologies were in all its levels will continue to have an impact on the development of the academic library. Academic libraries will need to examine their own status with these emerging technologies. These technologies and trends impact on individual or institutional level will continue to shape the development of the academic library. New technology has provided great opportunities for delivery of services within consortia. More and more libraries must unite, which of course requires a change in the attitudes, practices and policies to get the maximum benefit. Libraries can build on existing strong consortia and partnership networks. Overall, emerging trends for academic libraries reflect the growing importance for collaboration.
- ItemTechnology in Education for students with Autism Spectrum Disoder(Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Krishnarathi, A; William Dharma Raja, B; Sundaravalli, SThe National Autistic Society (2003) identified ASD at the rate of 90 per 10,000 people, taking into account the whole spectrum of autism (Wall, 2004). Therefore, traditional ways of educating these students might not be beneficial. Technology may very well be the only answer to helping students with autism. Technology is changing our lives in ways we never imagined. Work on technology has essentially merged with recent efforts to adapt technology so that all students have access to equal educational opportunities (Englert & Zhoa, 2004). Emerging technologies, when used appropriately, can be a wonderful addition to the curriculum. They are particularly useful in allowing students to experience phenomena in ways not possible in the “real” world. Educating students through innovative ways and techniques channelizes them towards the urge to learn more and more, which in turn facilitates sustainable development. For individuals with autism, some new technologies can improve communication, assist in the development of social skills, and enhance the ability to learn. The right technology can help people on the autism spectrum improve their verbal skills, social skills, and develop confidence. Technology provides creative solutions that enable students with ASD to be more independent, productive, and included in society and community life. This paper explains about the educational level of students with ASD, importance of technology, the role of technology in education and how the technology to help the students with ASD.