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    Reading Habits and Obstacles Faced by School Children in the Northern and Eastern Provinces in Sri Lanka
    (Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Sunil, W; Amarasiri, G.D; Uditha Shyamal Gunasekara, A.K; Kamalamngani Subasinghe
    Reading occupies a pivotal role in the life of a man. Reading opens the doors of the treasures of knowledge. Reading is one of the most important components of our language and it is an essential tool for lifelong learning for all learners. In order to face the 21st century, education has to prepare these learners to adapt to social and technological changes that are taking place at an unprecedented rate. In this context, reading is a resource for continued education, for the acquisition of new knowledge and skills, for gaining information through media, especially newspapers, books, radio, television and computers. Reading habits are well-planned and deliberate pattern of study which has attained a form of consistency on the part of students toward understanding academic subjects and passing at examinations. Both reading and academic achievements are interrelated and dependent on each other. Students often come from different environments and localities with different levels of academic achievement. Therefore, they differ in the pattern of reading habits (Bashir & Matto, 2012). Reading which a long-term habit starting at very early ages is the prominent gateway to the knowledge room. It can be assumed as a practice that assists individuals to gain creativeness and develops their critical thinking capacities. In this sense, reading habit is an important tool for the development of personalities and mental capacities of individuals. In addition to personal and mental developments, reading is an access to social, economic and civic life (Clark and Rumbold, 2006). In Sri Lanka education has been provided free of charge from kindergarten to university level since mid-1940s and is given in the mother tongue of the pupil. The constitution of Sri Lanka treats education as a fundamental right, making primary education compulsory for children aged five year and above. Therefore, reading and reading habits play an important role in Sri Lankan education system. Generally reading and reading habits are used to decide different attribute of the readers. National Library and Documentation Services Board (NLDSB) conducted this survey with the objective of understanding the situation of reading habit of school children in Sri Lanka. The first stage of this survey was conducted in other provinces except the Northern and Eastern provinces in 2010. This survey conducted in the Northern and Eastern provinces is the second stage on the survey. This is the first survey conducted on reading habits of school children after the war situation that prevailed in the Northern and Eastern provinces. People of the Northern and Eastern provinces suffered due to the conflict situation for more than three decades. Presently peace has been restored in these areas and this is a good opportunity for expediting the socio economic and educational development. This survey is very important because it helps to understand the situation of reading habits and plan solutions to the problems related to reading habits and library facilities in the Northern and Eastern provinces in Sri Lanka.
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    School Library Automation in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka: A Preliminary Survey
    (Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Kupeshan, R; Mythili, V
    This study presents the findings of a survey undertaken to determine the current status of library automation in school libraries of Northern Sri Lanka. In the Sri Lankan context Library automation started in the eighties. The real boost in library automation came after the Introduction of CDS/ ISIS (Computerized Documentation System/ Integrated Information System) software by UNESCO in 1986 and the designation of SLSTIC (Sri Lanka Scientific and Technical Information Center) as the national distributor for the software in 1987 changed the scenario (Talagala & Gamge, 2003). Ravikumar M. N & Ramanan, T. (2014) studied status and prospects of Library Automation in Sri Lankan Universities. A number of seminars were organized on the library automation and they are still being continued. National authorities are finding various ways to finance their library automation projects. This study tries to analyze the various factors that directly or indirectly affect the progress of library automation such as Infrastructure issues, management issues, resources available with the libraries, level of skill of staff, availability of suitable software and the overall status of library automation in school libraries
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    Marketing First Impressions: Library Weeks of Welcome - ‘WOW’ correlations at Orientation of Wayamba University Libraries
    (Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Thusithakumari, W.M
    “WOW” (Weeks Of Welcome) is a great way to engage students with library staff and to originate memories linked to positive feelings of accessible services and friendly people in the library. Orientation week is an exciting and high energy time of millennial generation born in between 1980 – 2000. They bring new challenges for todays’ librarians (Wheeler and Harris, 2006), they have and share their opinions rapidly via modern technologies. According to the Collins Concise Dictionary (Collins English Dictionary, 2017) “Orientation” means the adjustment or alignment of oneself of one’s ideas to surroundings or circumstances. At the beginning of the academic year of the freshers, the faculty coordinators of the orientation programmes lead activities which based on simplicity, relax, confidence and fulfillment. However these programmes provide opportunities for freshers to approach the campus with a very good first impression. The major role of the library is to make aware of the users of the use of existing resources and services. Further the library leads them to get the utmost benefit during this Library Orientation Programme (LOP). These Programmes improve the Information Literacy (IL) of the students too. The UNESCO says that the Orientation Programmes of the library supports to its users in various ways in enabling individuals to achieve his or her goals, develop knowledge and potential and participate fully in community and wider society (UNESCO, 2005). Through the Orientation Programme the user fulfills his or her information gaps when is needed and it enables users to master content and extend their investigations, become far more self-directed, assume greater control over their own learning. (Association of Collage and Research Libraries, 2000). The academic library becomes a market – oriented organism and they become hybrid libraries to familiarize the academic learning environment in e-information era. According to the Cal Poly Pomona experience (2015), one of their mission statements of orientation services is “preparing students for lifelong learning” with the goal of connecting students to valuable support resources. Hence the Orientation programmes are designed to help students adjust to university life and ultimately improve retention rates, graduation rates and grade point averages. In 2005, (Wheeler and Harris, 2006) Swarthmore College developed a winning freshman orientation programme and they continue to date. They assess freshman orientation and conclude with best practices for developing dynamic orientation programmes that provide millennial with a positive first impression of the academic library. Librarians are searching for ways to effectively market and promote library resources and services. Rhoades and Hartsell (2008) discussed in their research paper that being a part of the orientation programme allows librarians to reach students they might not be able to reach in any other context. Based on the views as part of the new students’ orientation, scheduled to showcase the Library services, spaces and collections of Wayamba University of Sri Lanka (WUSL) while having a lot of fun (Thusithakumari and Jayawardana, 2017) University libraries are given opportunities to tempt first year students to the library and its services. Often having one chance to ‘WOW’ the new comers, the librarians of the Wayamba University Library Network (WULN) have discovered a way of achieving a victorious extension and advanced programme for first year students. Dramatically over the past few years the research based on “Study on Orientation as a strategy for making great first impression of the academic library: Library Orientation ideas of Wayamba University of Sri Lanka” (Thusithakumari and Jayawardana, 2014) and it was advanced including different ideas with the new orientation programmes. These programmes are set to suit with the interest and expectations of the users. Therefore, WULN looks to provide a comfortable and productive learning environment for their patrons addressing the concept of “Library anxiety”. Library anxiety is the feeling of un-comfortableness within a library setting that has repercussion on a cognitive and behavioral level (Jiao & Onwuegbuzie, 1995).
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    பாடசாலை மாணவர்களிடையே வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தை மேம்படுத்துவதில் பாடசாலைச் சூழலின் தாக்கங்கள் -யாழ்ப்பாணக் கல்வி வலயத்தை அடிப்படையாகக் கொண்ட ஆய்வு
    (Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Sivamathy, T; Sathiaseelan, A
    இன, மத, மொழி பேதமின்றி கலவ் pயை ஊககு; விக்க, உச்சநிலைக்கு எம்மை வளரச் செய்ய பாடசாலை நூலகங்கள் மிக உறுதுணையாகவுளள் ன. மாணவச் செல்வங்கள் மத்தியிலே பழகக் வழக்கங்கள், வாசிப்புத்திறன், சிந்தனைவெளிப்பாடு, ஆய்வுத்திறன், விவாதத்திறன ; என்பனவற்றை ஊக்குவிக்கின்றன. பாடசாலை மாணவர்களிடையே வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தை மேம்படுத்துவதில ; பாடசாலைச் சூழல் எவ்வகையான தாக்கங்களை விளைவிக்கினற் ன என்பதை இனங்காணலே இவ் ஆய்வின் நோக்கமாகும். பாடசாலை நூலகத்தில் மாணவர்களின் வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தில ; தாக்கத்தை ஏற்படுத்துகின்ற பின்புலமான பாடசாலைச்சூழலினுள் உட்படுகின்ற பாடசாலை நிர்வாகம், பாட ஆசிரியர்கள், நூலகப் 1 ர்iனெர டுயனநைள ஊழடடநபநஇ துயககயெஇ ளுசi டுயமெயஇ ஊழசசநளிழனெiபெ யரவாழச: ளவாசைரஅயசயn71ளூபஅயடை.உழஅ 2 னுநயியசவஅநவெ ழக நுனரஉயவழைnஇ குயஉரடவல ழக யுசவளஇ ருniஎநசளவைல ழக துயககயெ Pசழஉநநனiபௌ ழக ஐவெநசயெவழையெட ளுலஅpழளரைஅ ழn நுஅநசபiபெ வுசநனௌ in நுனரஉயவழைn யனெ டுiடிசயசல ரூ ஐகெழசஅயவழைn ளுஉநைnஉந (டுiடிளுலஅ 2018) 211 பொறுப்பாசிரியர், நூலகம் எவ்வகையான நிலையில் உள்ளன என்பதனை அறிதல் இவ் ஆய்வின் குறிக்கோளாக அமைகின்றது. இவ்வாய்வானது பரப்பளவு ஆய்வு முறையில் மேற்கொள்ளப்பட்டதோடு யாழ்ப்பாண மாவட்டத்திலுள்ள ஐந்து கலவ் p வலயங்களில் ஒன்றான யாழ்ப்பாணக் கல்வி வலயத்திலுள்ள பாடசாலைகளில் (nஸ்ரீ114) 1யுடீ தரத்திலான அனைத்து பாடசாலைகளும் (nஸ்ரீ16) ஆய்வுக்கென தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளன. இப் பாடசாலைகளில் கல்வி பயிலும் மாணவர்களில் (nஸ்ரீ4017) 10மூ மான மாணவர்கள் (nஸ்ரீ402) ஆய்வுக்காக எழுமாற்றாக தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்டனர். இம் மாணவர்களுக்கு கற்பிக்கும் ஆசிரியர்களில் 10மூ (nஸ்ரீ48) ஆன ஆசிரியர்களும் இப் பாடசாலையின் (nஸ்ரீ16) நூலகப் பொறுப்பாசிரியர்களும் ஆய்வு மாதிரியில் உள்ளடக்கப்பட்டனர். மாணவர்கள், பாட ஆசிரியர்கள், நூலகப் பொறுப்பாசிரியர்களுக்கு வினாக்கொத்தினை வழங்கியும், நூலகப் பொறுப்பாசிரியர்கள் மற்றும் பாட ஆசிரியர்களுடனும் ஆய்வுக்காக தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்ட மாணவர்களின் குறிப்பிட்ட பெற்றோர்களுடன் (nஸ்ரீ245) கலந்துரையாடல் செய்ததன் மூலமும், 16 பாடசாலை நூலகச் செயற்பாடுகள், நூலகப் பதிவேட்டு ஆவணங்கள் என்பவற்றை அவதானித்ததன் மூலமும் தகவலக் ள் சேகரிக்கப்பட்டன. சேகரிக்கப்பட்ட தகவல்களும ; தரவுகளும் புள்ளிவிபரவியல் மூலம் ளுPளுளு Pயஉமயபந பயனப் டுத்தி நூற்று வீதம், வரைபுகள், இணைவுக்குணகம் என்பவற்றின் மூலம ; பகுப்பாய்வு செய்யப்பட்டது. பாடசாலை மாணவர்களிடையே வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தை மேமப் டுத்துவதில் பாடசாலைச் சூழல் எவ்வகையான தாக்கங்களை விளைவிக்கின்றன என்பதை நோக்குகின்ற போது பாட ஆசிரியரானவர் மாணவரின் வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தை தூண்டுவதில் அக்கறையில்லாத தன்மையும் பாடசாலை நிர்வாகம் ஒத்துழைக்காத தன்மையும ; நூலகப் பொறுப்பாசிரியர் மாணவரின் சுதந்திரமான வாசிப்புக்கு வழிகாட்டாத தன்மையும் பாடசாலை நூலகச் சேவைகள் சீரற்ற நிலைமையிலும் காணப்படுவதோடு பாடசாலை நூலக மனித வள, பௌதீக வள கிடைப்பனவு பற்றாக்குறையான நிலைமையும் காணப்படுகின்ற நிலையில் பாடசாலைச் சூழல் மாணவரின் வாசிப்புப் பழக்கத்தில் தாக்கத்தை ஏற்படுத்துகின்றன.
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    Self Archiving Behaviour of University Academics: Is there any difference between Humanities and Engineering Scholars?
    (Library Network Eastern University, Sri Lanka, 2018) Chamani, G
    This study examined self-archiving practices of academic scholars in the faculty of Arts and faculty of Engineering in the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. A survey method was adapted and a web based questionnaire was used as the main data collection tool. The study established that even though most of the respondents in the two faculties were aware of self-archiving concept as means for providing open access, less percentage of them had experience in self-archiving. The findings further revealed that the Engineering scholars had more experience in self archiving and they engaged in more self archiving activities than the scholars in the faculty of Arts. Regarding the preferred content type and file format, the preference of the two faculty members are somewhat different and the scholars in the faculty of Engineering has done self archiving more easily while spending lesser time, compared to the Arts scholars. Based on the results and conclusions the recommendations were made at the end of the study.